LORD SHIVA’S 12 JYOTIRLINGA IN INDIA
Lord Shiva Jyotirlinga in India, the destroyer of evil is the almighty god worshipped by Hindus all over the world. Jyotirlinga is an idol where Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of Jyotirlingam. India is having a total of 64 jyotirlingas. However, 12 of them are considered to be highly auspicious and holy.
12 Jyotirlinga In India are as follows:
The first Jyotirlinga is situated in Somnath Temple, Gujarat near Veraval in (Prabhas Kshetra), Kathiawad District.
It is said that due to the curse of Daksha Prajapati, Chandra Dev and his wife Rohini, had to come to Somnath to worship Lord Shiva in order to regain his lost shine and beauty. Consequently, Chandra Dev is named as Somnath.
2. MALLIKARJUNA JYOTIRLINGA:
The Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is in Mallikarjuna Temple on the Shri Shaila Mountain. Mallika means Parvati and Arjuna are Lord Shiva. Moreover, could see the tip of this mountain, will emancipate himself of all sins and becomes free from the vicious cycle of life and death.
3. MAHAKALESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA:
This Jyotirlinga is located in Mahakaleshwar Temple of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. According to the Puranas, there was a five-year-old boy. He was a great devotee to lord shiva. People dissuade him in many ways. On the other hand, he continued worshipping the Lord. Soon, impressed by his devotion, Lord Shiva started to reside in mahakal forests. It is among the seven ‘’Mukti Sthal’’ for Hindus.
4. OMKARESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA:
The Jyotirlinga is located in the Omkareshwar Temple which is situated in Shivpuri in Madhya Pradesh. Omkareshwar means ‘Lord of the Om Sound’. Once upon a time, there was a war between Devas and Danavas in which Danavas won. Devas then prayed Lord Shiva and as a result lord Shiva emerged in the form of Omkaewshwar Jyotirlinga and defeated the Danavas.
5. VAIDYANATH JYOTIRLINGA:
Vaidhyanath Temple is located at Deogarh in the Santal Parganas region of Jharkhand. It is also known as Vaijnath or Baidyanath. It was said that the demon king, Ravana meditated and asked lord Shiva to come to Sri Lanka and make it invincible. Ravana tried to take Mount Kailash along with him but Lord Shiva crushed it. Ravana asked for reparation and in turn was given twelve Jyotirlingas on the condition that if it was placed on the ground it would remain rooted to that spot till eternity. While transporting it to Sri Lanka, Lord Varuna entered Ravana’s body and he felt an urgent need to relieve himself.
Lord Vishnu came down in the form of a lad and offered to hold the lingam in the meantime. However, Vishnu placed the lingam on the ground and it got rooted to the spot. As a form of penance, Ravana cut off nine of his heads. Shiva revived him & joined the heads to the body, like a Vaidya and hence this Jyotirlinga came to be known as Vaidyanath.
6. BHIMASHANKAR JYOTIRLINGA:
The Bhima Shankar temple is located in the Sahyadri region of Pune, MH. A war ensued between lord shiva and Bhima, Kumbhkaran’s son and as a result of Shiva ultimately put the demon to ashes. Shiva then manifested himself in the form on Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga.
7. RAMESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA:
This temple is situated in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu. This Jyotirlinga is closely associated with Ramayana and ram’s victorious return from Lanka.
It is proclaimed that Ram on his way to Sri Lanka stopped at Rameshwaram and was drinking water on the seashore when he heard a proclamation: “You are drinking water without worshipping me.” Listening to this Ram made a linga of sand and worshipped it and asked for its blessings to defeat Ravana. He got the blessings from Lord Shiva who then turned into a Jyotirlinga and resided at the place for eternity.
8. NAGESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA:
The Nageshwar Temple is situated on the route between Gomati Dwarka and the Bait Dwarka Island. It is believed that if a person worships at this temple. he/she will become free from all kinds of poison. The Jyotirlinga came into existence when Shiva killed the demon Daaruka.
9. KASHI VISHWANATH JYOTIRLINGA:
This temple is situated amidst the crowded lanes of the holy city of Banaras (Varanasi). It is said that this is the dearest temple of lord shiva. whomsoever dies here attains liberation.
10. TRIMBAKESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA:
This temple is situated about 30 km’s from Nasik in Maharashtra. It is said that on the wish of River Godavari, Gautam Rishi and all other gods decided to reside there. Hindus believe that this Jyotirlinga in india Maharashtra fulfils desires of everyone.
11. KEDARNATH JYOTIRLINGA:
This temple is situated on the Rudra Himalaya Range at the height of 12000 feet on a mountain named Kedar. This temple opens only six months in a year. It is thought that before coming to Kedarnath. People bring holy water from Yamunotri and Gangotri.
12. GHRISHNESHWAR JYOTIRLINGA:
The Jyotirlinga is in the village Verul. This is located in daulatabad, near Aurangabad in Maharashtra. This was built by Ahilyabai Holkar. It is thought that there was a couple named Sudharm and Sudeha residing on the Devagiri Mountain. They were childless, and thus Sudeha get her sister Ghushma married to Sudharm. They bore a son who rendered Ghushma proud and Sudeha jealous of her sister. In her jealousy, Sudeha threw the son in the lake where Ghushma used to discharge 101 lingams. Ghushma prayed to Lord Shiva who ultimately returned her the son and told her of her sister’s deeds. Sudharm asked Shiva to emancipate Sudeha which left Shiva pleased with his generosity. On Sudharm’s request, Shiva manifested himself in the form of the Jyotirlinga and assumed the name Ghushmeshwar.