Place To Visit In Mumbai, Tourism Place In Mumbai, Mumbai Tourist Places
Mumbai is one of the dominant Indian cities situated on the west coast of India. The word Mumbai is being derived from Maha Amba or Mumba —which is the name of the patron goddess of the native Koli, Agri and Somvanshi communities.
The government of India changed the name of Bombay to Mumbai in 1995. It has a land area of 603 km2 (233 sq mi). Mumbai is one of the most populated cities in the world. Mumbai has a metro population of about 20.7 million in 2016. It is the capital city of Maharastra. It is a very populous and wealthiest city in India. It’s a land of opportunities and offers a competitive atmosphere.
Being the prime hub of Indian film industry – Bollywood and Marathi television and film industry, Mumbai has always been in the limelight. Also, It has always been in the headlines for Mumbai tourism, hotels in Mumbai, industries in Mumbai, the culture of Mumbai and Mumbai city life.
Mumbai has various tourists attractions that bring out various visitors from all over the world. The most famous of them are Elephanta caves and gateway of India. It also has beautiful beaches, theme parks, malls and gardens.
Mumbai has a huge market of clothing and accessories for the ones who like to bargain. Although Mumbai is famous for its street food, it also has various dining options from colonial small coffee shops to award winning restaurants.
The city is been surrounded by violence from 1990 to 2010. Starting from the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, followed by the Hindu – Muslim riots of 1992- 93 which results in the death of more than 1,000 people. On March 12, 1993, 13 coordinated bombing attacks under the Islamic and Bombay underworld resulted in the death of 257 people and injured up to 700. Also, there were subsequent bombing attacks in the year 2006, 2008 and 2011. The latest of these is the attack on July 13, 2011, at the Opera House, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar.
History of Mumbai in Short
Mumbai was built as a collaboration of seven islands: Bombay Island, Parel, Mahim, Worli, Colaba, Mazagaon and Old Woman’s island.In the 3rd century, these islands were a part of Maurya Empire. Between the 2nd century BCE and 9th century CE, these islands came under the direct control of following dynasties: satavahanas, western kshatrapas, abhiras , vakatakas , kalachuris , Konkan, mauryas , chalukyas and rashtrakutas.
The Delhi sultanate ruled the islands in 1347-48 and controlled it till 1407. During this rule, the administration was carried by the Muslim governor of the Delhi sultanate.
Later, the islands were ruled by the independent Gujarat sultanate. It’s patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominently the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli.
The birthplace of Indian national congress is Mumbai.
Mumbai Geography Case Study
MUMBAI constitutes of seven islands which act as a community of fishing colonies. Here city consists of two distinct regions: MUMBAI SUBURBAN DISTRICT AND MUMBAI CITY DISTRICT.The total area of Mumbai is 603.4 km2 (233 sq mi). Of this, the island consists of 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi).while the suburban district comprises of 370 km2 (143 sq mi). These areas come under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM).
Apart from the Bhatsa Dam, there are six major lakes that supply water to the city: Vihar , Lower Vaitarna, Upper Vaitarna , Tulsi , Tansa and Powai.
Mumbai has a tropical climate.The summers of December to February is followed by summers of March to june. Between June to September, the monsoon rain lashes the city. The maximum annual rainfall ever recorded was 3,452 mm (136 in) for 1954.The highest rainfall recorded in a single day was 944mm (37 in) on 26 July 2005. The average annual temperature is 27.2 °C (81 °F).
Air pollution in India, especially in Mumbai, is a major issue. As per the WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2013 was 63 ug/m3, which is 6.2 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines for the annual mean PM2.5. Although the central pollution control board for the government of India and the consulate general of the united states monitors the air quality data and so shares it.
Mumbai Economy Statistics
Mumbai is the commercial, financial and entertainment capital of India. This city is the highest GDP yielding the state of India. This acts as two distinct sources of income for MAHARASHTRA GOVERNMENT. MUMBAI SUBURBAN AND MUMBAI CITY DISTRICT acts as two distinct sources of income for MAHARASHTRA GOVERNMENT.
Mumbai acts as an economic hub of India. Along with the rest of India, Mumbai has also faced a financial boom after liberalization of 1991. It contributes 10% of employment in factories, 25% of industrial production, 33% of revenue from income tax, 60% of revenue from customs duty, 20% of revenue from central excise duty, 40% of India’s foreign trade and almost 4,000 crores in corporate taxes. Mumbai is also home for the BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE. It is the landmark of share market of the country.
Although Mumbai has been figured as the hub of economic activity in the 1990s, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is currently facing a reduction in its contributing to the country’s GDP.
Until the 1970s, Mumbai earned its prosperity largely through textile mills and the seaport. Although the economy has since been diversified to finance, diamond polishing, engineering, healthcare and information technology. The key sectors contributing to the city’s economy were: finance, gems and jewellery, leather processing, IT, textiles and ITES.
Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla complex are Mumbai’s major financial centres. Despite having a competition with Banglore, Hyderabad and Pune, Mumbai has carved its existence for itself in the information technology industry.
MUMBAI CIVIC ADMINISTRATION
Mumbai is administered by the municipal corporation of greater Mumbai. The MCGM is the in-charge of the infrastructural and civic needs of the metropolis.
The mayor is chosen through indirect election by the councillors from among them for the tenure of two years. The municipal commissioner is the CEO and head of the municipal corporation.
Mumbai Transport Service
Public transport in Mumbai includes the Mumbai suburban railway map, monorail, metro, brihanmumbai electric supply and transport (BEST) buses, black and yellow meter taxis, auto-rickshaws and ferries.
Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are a cheap, convenient and easily available means of transport.
Mumbai Suburban Railway Map
Mumbai suburban railway or the local trains of Mumbai acts as the backbone of Mumbai transport system. These trains are seen very over crowded during peak hours. Having a capacity of 1,700 passengers but actually carrying 4,500 passengers. Its rail network is spread over 319 route kilometres.
The Mumbai monorail and metro are being built and extended to relieve the overcrowding on existing network.
In Mumbai, buses carried almost 5.5 million passengers in a day. Public buses of BEST are running in all parts of Mumbai. The BEST operates a total of 4,600 buses with various facilities.MUMBAI DARSHAN is a tourist bus service which provides services to tourists from all over the world
Water transport in Mumbai consists of hovercraft, ferries and catamarans. The services are provided by both private as well as government agencies. Hovercraft services were available between GATEWAY OF INDIA and CBD BELAPUR but they were closed due to the lack of infrastructural development.
Mumbai Roads Map
Mumbai is served by various national highways and expressways. The Mumbai-Pune expressway was the first expressway built in India. There are many express ways like Mumbai-Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway which is under construction.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport Mumbai
The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is the main aviation centre in the city. Moreover, it’s the second busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic.
Mumbai has two main sea ports: Jawaharlal Nehru port trust and Mumbai port trust. Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the busiest port in India. It handles 55-60% of the country’s total cargo trade.
Mumbai is also the headquarters of the West naval command and also a base of the Indian Navy.
CULTURE IN MUMBAI
The culture of Mumbai is influenced by traditional festivals, food, music and theatres. Life of people in Mumbai is a blend of cosmopolitan and diverse lifestyle. This unique combination of cultures exists in Mumbai as a result of migration of people from all over the world to this city. Mumbai is the birthplace of Indian cinema – Bollywood. Hence, Mumbai is the centre of many businessmen, celebrities and professionals.
LIFE STYLE IN MUMBAI
MUMBAI is quite famous for its fashion industry. Dress and culture of Mumbai upgrade itself every day. Most people prefer the trending western attire, although many prefer to wear traditional too. Residents of Mumbai celebrate both western and Indian festivals. The city celebrates festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Eid, Christmas, Good Friday etc.
Many famous exhibitions held there like the kala ghoda arts festival that depicts the art work in the fields of music, theatre , dance and films. Also, a famous bandra fair held there every year.
Street Food in Mumbai at Night
Mumbai people are very passionate about local cuisines. With a variety of cultures and people, a lot of cuisines have been transformed into mouth-watering dishes. Mumbai is very famous for its street food. Some of the famous dishes of Mumbai are Vada Pav, Chakli, Chivda, Modak, Batata Rassa, Dabeli, Pani Puri, Dahi Puri, etc.
Education System in Mumbai
Mumbai is quite famous for learning and education. Along with many famous private as well as government schools, Mumbai comprises of many top colleges all over India. Some of these are the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT -Mumbai), Bhabha atomic research centre (BARC), or the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR).
There are many primary and secondary schools managed and run by the Mumbai government.
SPORTS IN MUMBAI
Sports is very popular among the youngsters all over the world. Cricket is the most famous sport being liked and played in Mumbai. But the city is facing the shortage of play grounds, hence various modified versions of the same are available.
Mumbai is also the home for BCCI (board of control for cricket in India) and Indian premier league (IPL). Mumbai has two cricket ground – Wankhede Stadium and the Brabourne Stadium.There are many sports club in Mumbai.
Football is the another most popular game of the city. Mumbai is also the home for many famous players of hockey, football and cricket. Rugby is another growing sport of the country.
Best Places to Visit in Mumbai
There are several monuments, landmarks, beaches, theme parks or places of attractions in Mumbai. Gateway of India, Marine drive, Elephanta caves, etc are a few places to visit in Mumbai.
Mumbai earns a huge revenue from tourist activities. A number of tourist from all over the world visit Mumbai every year.
Ethnic groups and religions
the religious group of the people of Mumbai comprises of Hindus (65.89%), Muslims (21.65%), Buddhists (04.85%), Jains (4.11%), Christians(3.26%), Sikhs(0.57%), with Parsis and Jews making up the rest of the population. Mumbai comprises of people of all castes and ethnic groups. Being a developed city, migrants from all over India come to settle in Mumbai. This had created a mix population of all the religions in the city.
Mumbai has a number of publications, television and radio stations. Marathi being the regional language also has a share over the electronic and print media. Numerous Indian and international television channels are being watched in Mumbai. There are twelve radio stations in Mumbai.
Mumbai is the home of Bollywood as well as Marathi film industry. The Media of Mumbai is quite active and effective.
Media has always been a major part of Mumbai industry.